Names: Coneflower (Echinacea)
Growth habit: Coneflowers are hardy, low growing plants with spade shaped leaves that send up stems topped with daisy-like flowers in mid summer. The blossoms can rise as high as four feet tall and come in various shades of yellow, orange, pink, purple and white. The center of a coneflower often protrudes in its namesake “cone.” Clumps of coneflower will slowly expand over the course of a few years so divide them as needed.
Light Level: Prefers full sun, but tolerates partial shade
Water: Generously. Can be somewhat drought resistant.
Fertilization: Any water-soluble fertilizer formulated for garden flowers or vegetables or a granular slow-release fertilizer.
Planting Medium: Most garden soils will do fine. Some varieties tolerate poor soil.
Common afflictions: Thrips, root rot, powdery mildew
Pruning: Typically none, just prune off dying leaves and spent blossoms. Divide clumps in spring if desired.
Coneflowers are also called Echinacea and are a member of the daisy family. Some people use extract made from certain varieties of Echinacea as an immune system boosting tonic and healing herbal remedy. Coneflowers get their common name from of the prominent dark cone that juts out from the middle of most varieties. Their other name (Echinacea) is rooted in the Greek word for prickly, hedgehog and sea urchin, which also probably referred to the spiny cone of the flower. These cones can stand in the garden long into winter after the rest of the plant has died back. Old coneflower cones often provide seed for migrating birds, making coneflowers a popular addition to a low maintenance garden or landscape naturalization.
Cone Flower Care
Echinacea as a medicinal herb
Other places to buy coneflowers: